It forms when this joint moves out of place forcing the toe to bend towards the others causing a painful, prominent, bony lump on the side of the foot.
Symptoms of bunions include a large bony bump which is red, swollen and painful. In advanced cases, sometimes the second toe will overlap the first toe and a corn may develop over the second toe. Bunions form after years of abnormal pressure on the MPJ caused by our walking pattern, inherited foot type or use of improperly fitting shoes.
If treatment is begun early to relieve the pressure on the bunion, the progression of the joint deformity can be stopped. Use of pads and shields around the bone, wide toebox footwear and avoiding use of high-heeled footwear can be some conservative treatment options. Surgical options include removal of the bony enlargement to restore normal bone alignment and relieve pain.